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Como Não Devemos Discriminar com Base na Espécie

Como Não Devemos Discriminar com Base na Espécie

Diogo Santos and Ricardo Miguel, “Como Não Devemos Discriminar com Base na Espécie,” Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 73, no. 3–4 (2017): 1495–1516, DOI 10.17990/RPF/2017_73_3_1495.

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Como Não Devemos Discriminar com Base na Espécie

Type Journal Article
Author Diogo Santos
Author Ricardo Miguel
Rights © 2018 Aletheia - Associação Científica e Cultural | © 2018 Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia
Volume 73
Issue 3-4
Pages 1495-1516
Publication Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia
ISSN 0870-5283; 2183-461X
Date 2017
DOI 10.17990/RPF/2017_73_3_1495
Language Portuguese
Abstract We argue that Anthropocentrism – the kind of speciesism that privilegies the human species – is morally unacceptable. We distinguish and criticize three varieties of Anthropocentrism: unqualified, qualified empirical and qualified non-empirical. Firstly, unqualified Anthropocentrism is dismissed because it is grounded on a moral principle which implies that discriminations like racism and sexism are justified. Secondly, qualified empirical Anthropocentrism falls victim to the marginal cases argument, an argument that shows that properties which allegedly attribute moral status to every human and to no animal, ultimately, if they exclude every animal, they also exclude some humans. Lastly, qualified non-empirical Anthropocentrism is rejected due to implausible consequences about which individuals have moral status. After rejecting Anthropocentrism, we consider a generalization of the marginal cases argument against all forms of speciesism. We show that only a species entirely comprised of essentially moral individuals would be unaffected by this argument. However, the possibility of such a species has limited practical import. Contrarily, Anthropocentrism’s moral unacceptability requires profound changes in the way humans relate with animals.
Date Added 17/01/2018, 17:51:19
Modified 18/01/2018, 10:46:24

Tags:

  • animal ethics,
  • anthropocentrism,
  • marginal cases,
  • moral discrimination,
  • moral status,
  • speciesism

Notes:

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