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Logic in Apuleius and Boethius

Logic in Apuleius and Boethius

Manuel Correia, “Logic in Apuleius and Boethius,” Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 73, no. 3–4 (2017): 1035–52, DOI 10.17990/RPF/2017_73_3_1035.

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Logic in Apuleius and Boethius

Type Journal Article
Author Manuel Correia
Rights © 2018 Aletheia - Associação Científica e Cultural | © 2018 Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia
Volume 73
Issue 3-4
Pages 1035-1052
Publication Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia
ISSN 0870-5283; 2183-461X
Date 2017
DOI 10.17990/RPF/2017_73_3_1035
Language English
Abstract The aim of this paper is to offer an alternative explanation to the notorious similitude detected in two ancient treatises on logic, namely, the Liber Peri Hermeneias, attributed to Apuleius of Madaura (II AD), and De syllogismo categorico, written by Boethius (VI AD). Both were enormously authoritative in posterity. I argue that their similitude is due to the presence of an internal division of categorical propositions that Boethius gives in full in his De syllogismo categoricos, and repeats with extensions in his Introductio ad syllogismos categorico. The division outlines the three main parts of the theory: opposition, conversion and syllogism. This leads us to argue that similarity and correspondence of these two ancient logical treatises can be sufficiently explained from this resource, and insufficiently explained by a certain common literary source, which was proposed by Isaac (1953), without clarifying some important dissimilarities and divergences contained in these treatises. Also, our hypothesis does not need to suppose, as Sullivan (1967), that Boethius borrowed from Apuleius.
Date Added 17/01/2018, 17:50:05
Modified 17/01/2018, 19:23:39

Tags:

  • ancient logic,
  • Boethius,
  • categorical logic,
  • conversion,
  • formal and material truth,
  • square of opposition,
  • syllogistic

Notes:

  • Barnes, J. “Boethius and the Study of Logic”, in: Boethius His Life, Thought and Influence, M. Gibson (ed.), Oxford, 1981: 73-89.
    Barnes, J. Alexander of Aphrodisias On Aristotle’s Prior Analytics 1. 1-7; J. Barnes et al. New York, Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1991.
    Busse, A. ed. Ammonii In Aristotelis De Interpretatione Commentarius. Commentaria in Aristotelem Graeca, vol. iv, 4.6, Berlin: apud G. Reimerum, 1895.
    Correia, M. ‘The Proto-exposition of Aristotelian Categorical Logic’. In: Béziau J-Y., Basti G. (eds). The Square of Opposition: A Cornerstone of Thought. Studies in Universal Logic, 2017: 21-34: Birkhäuser, Cham, 2017.
    Correia, M. Boecio. Los tratados silogísticos. Traducción, estudio preliminar y notas. Santiago: Eds. Universidad Católica, 2011.
    De Rijk, L., “On the Chronology of Boethius’ works on Logic (I  and II)”,  in Vivarium, vol. 2, parts 1 & 2, 1964, pp. 1-49 and 122-162
    Friedlein, G. ed. Anicii Manlii Torquati Severini Boetii, De institutione arithmetica (Libri dou) et De institutione musica (libri quinque). Leipzig: Teubner, 1867.
    Isaac, I. Le Peri hermeneias en Occident de Boèce à Saint Thomas. Histoire littéraire d’un traité d’Aristote. Paris: J. Vrin, 1953.
    Kieffer, J.S. ed. Galen’s Institutio Logica. English translation, introduction and commentary. Baltimore: The John Hopkins Press, 1964.
    Lee, Tae-Soo. Die griechische Tradition der aristotelischen Syllogistik in der Spätantike: eine Untersuchung über die Kommentare zu den Analytica priora von Alexander Aphrodisiensis, Ammonius und Philoponus. Hypomnemata 79. Göttingen : Vandehoeck & Ruprecht, 1984.
    Meiser, C. ed. Anicii Manlii Severini Boetii Commentarii in Librum Aristotelis PERI ERMHNEIAS. Prima et secunda editio. Leipzig: Teubner, 1877-1880.
    Obertello, L.A.M. Severino Boezio De hypotheticis syllogismis. Testo, traduzione e commento. Brescia: Paideia Editrice, 1969.
    Sullivan, M.W. Apuleian Logic. The Nature, Sources and Influence of Apuleius’s Peri Hermeneias. Studies in Logic and the Foundations of Mathematics. Amsterdam: North-Holland, 1967.
    Thomas, P. ed. Apulei Opera Quae Supersunt, vol iii, Apulei Platonici Madaurensis De Philosophia Libri, liber PERI ERMHNEIAS: 176-194, Leipzig: Teubner, 1908.
    Thomsen Thörnqvist, C. ed. Anicii Manlii Seuerini Boethii De syllogismo categorico. A critical edition with introduction, translation, notes and indexes. Studia Graeca et Latina Gothoburgensia LXVIII, University of Gothenburg: Acta Universitatis Gothoburgensis, 2008. 
    Thomsen Thörnqvist, C. ed. Anicii Manlii Severini Boethii Introductio ad syllogismos categoricos. A critical edition with introduction, commentary and indexes. Studia Graeca et Latina Gothoburgensia LXIX, University of Gothenburg: Acta Universitatis Gothoburgensis, 2008a.
    Wallies, M. ed. Alexandri in Aristotelis Analyticorum Priorum Librum I Commentarium, in Commentaria in Aristotelem Graeca, vol. 2.1, Berlin: apud G. Reimerum, 1883.
    Wallies, M. ed. Alexandri Aphrodisiensis in Aristotelis Topicorum Libros Octo Commentaria, in Commentaria in Aristotelem Graeca, vol. 2, 2, Berlin: apud G. Reimerum, 1891.

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