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Aspectos da Filosofia da Ciência de Pierre Duhem

Aspectos da Filosofia da Ciência de Pierre Duhem

Alexander Maar, “Aspectos da Filosofia da Ciência de Pierre Duhem: Variedades de Subdeterminação Empírica e a Função do Bom Senso na Escolha entre Teorias,” Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 74, no. 1 (2018): 59–84, DOI 10.17990/RPF/2018_74_1_0059

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Aspectos da Filosofia da Ciência de Pierre Duhem: Variedades de Subdeterminação Empírica e a Função do Bom Senso na Escolha entre Teorias

Type Journal Article
Author Alexander Maar
Rights © 2018 Aletheia - Associação Científica e Cultural | © 2018 Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia
Volume 74
Issue 1
Pages 59-84
Publication Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia
ISSN 0870-5283
Date 2018
DOI 10.17990/RPF/2018_74_1_0059
Language Portuguese
Abstract As a philosopher of science, Pierre Duhem is most often remembered as the earliest contributor to what became known as the Duhem-Quine thesis. This thesis casts doubt on our ability to isolate and test theories, and to choose between empirically equivalent rivals. By extension, it offers important criticism of the rationality of deductivist science. In contrast with the vast literature produced during the 20th century addressing the problem of empirical underdetermination of theories, little has been said on the viability of the solution Duhem himself proposed to the problem: good sense. In this paper, we offer an analysis of two varieties of underdetermination, discuss when and why they matter, and how good sense is supposed to aid theory choice. We also look at two recent reconstructions of Duhemian good sense, and argue that one is to be favoured.
Date Added 26/04/2018, 14:53:41
Modified 26/04/2018, 15:42:25

Tags:

  • epistemology,
  • good sense,
  • Pierre Duhem,
  • social consensus,
  • theory choice,
  • underdetermination,
  • virtue epistemology

Notes:

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