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Uma Proposta Tomista para o Debate Actual entre Monismos e Pluralismos na Metafísica da Fundação

Uma Proposta Tomista para o Debate Actual entre Monismos e Pluralismos na Metafísica da Fundação

Ricardo Barroso Batista and Álvaro Balsas, “Uma Proposta Tomista para o Debate Actual entre Monismos e Pluralismos na Metafísica da Fundação,” Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 72, no. 2–3 (2016): 725–70, DOI 10.17990/RPF/2016_72_2_0725.

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Uma Proposta Tomista para o Debate Actual entre Monismos e Pluralismos na Metafísica da Fundação

Type Journal Article
Author Ricardo Barroso Batista
Author Álvaro Balsas
Rights © 2016 Aletheia - Associação Científica e Cultural | © 2016 Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia
Volume 72
Issue 2-3
Pages 725-770
Publication Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia
ISSN 0870-5283; 2183-461X
Date 2016
DOI 10.17990/RPF/2016_72_2_0725
Language Portuguese
Abstract Before the limits of the standard Quinean meta-ontology that persists in contemporary analytical metaphysics, an alternative has recently emerged, proposing metaphysical grounding. Under the inspiration of neo-Aristotelians, it seeks to overcome the Quinean constraints by reflecting on the relation of ontological dependence. However, the theorists of metaphysical grounding are currently at a stalemate among themselves: a current debate between grounding monists and grounding pluralists divides and dominates the community. The authors of this essay present the circumstances that has led to this state of affairs in order to illustrate the problematic nature of the positions in contention and to demonstrate that an elegant way out of this impasse involves Thomistic metaphysics, i.e., by conjugating the unifying principle of esse and the limiting principle of essentia. Conceived in terms of participation and analogy, it can, on the one hand, assert the advantages of the positions in conflict, namely, the principle of unity and the principle of diversity, and, on the other hand, avoid their respective weaknesses, namely, the problem of differences and the problem of disunity.
Date Added 19/10/2016, 12:26:57
Modified 25/10/2016, 10:27:14

Keywords:

  • grounding,
  • metaphysical grounding,
  • metaphysics,
  • ontological dependence,
  • Thomistic Metaphysics

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