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A Continuidade Física Garante a Persistência Pessoal no Tempo

A Continuidade Física Garante a Persistência Pessoal no Tempo

Hugo Luzio, “A Continuidade Física Garante a Persistência Pessoal no Tempo,” Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 72, no. 2–3 (2016): 699–724, DOI 10.17990/RPF/2016_72_2_0699.

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A Continuidade Física Garante a Persistência Pessoal no Tempo

Type Journal Article
Author Hugo Luzio
Rights © 2016 Aletheia - Associação Científica e Cultural | © 2016 Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia
Volume 72
Issue 2-3
Pages 699-724
Publication Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia
ISSN 0870-5283; 2183-461X
Date 2016
DOI 10.17990/RPF/2016_72_2_0699
Language Portuguese
Abstract In the following sections we hold that physical continuity suffices personal persistence through time. First, we determine the theoretic and conceptual grounds of the metaphysical problem of personal identity, the relevant notion of «personal identity», the temporal persistence question simpliciter, what identity criteria and individuation principles are, and the formal properties of the identity concept. We differentiate between the simple and complex views, stating the reductionist thesis transversal to the latter. In the central sections, we discuss the main arguments and objections endorsed to the dominant identity criteria, namely, the lockean memory criterion, causal dependence criteria of psychological connectivity and continuity, the corporeal or physical criterion, the somatic view and the cerebral criterion. Psychological criteria are not considered promising. We hold the hypothesis that personal identity consists in a causal relation of brute physical continuity. For such, we refine the original corporeal criterion, showing that the defense of, at least, minimal physicalism about mind-brain identity ensure its reinforcement.
Date Added 19/10/2016, 12:26:56
Modified 25/10/2016, 10:25:19

Keywords:

  • logic of identity,
  • personal identity,
  • physical criteria,
  • psychological criteria,
  • temporal persistence

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