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Jacques Maritain: Democracia e Direitos Humanos Renovados

Jacques Maritain: Democracia e Direitos Humanos Renovados

Carlos Frederico Gurgel Calvet da Silveira, Sergio de Souza Salles, and Thiago Leite Cabrera Pereira da Rosa, ‘Jacques Maritain: Democracia e Direitos Humanos Renovados’, Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 72, no. 4 (2016): 1253–74, DOI 10.17990/RPF/2016_72_4_1253.

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Jacques Maritain: Democracia e Direitos Humanos Renovados

Type Journal Article
Author Carlos Frederico Gurgel Calvet da Silveira
Author Sergio de Souza Salles
Author Thiago Leite Cabrera Pereira da Rosa
Rights © 2016 Aletheia - Associação Científica e Cultural | © 2016 Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia
Volume 72
Issue 4
Pages 1253-1274
Publication Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia
ISSN 0870-5283; 2183-461X
Date 2016
DOI 10.17990/RPF/2016_72_4_1253
Language Portuguese
Abstract According to Jacques Maritain, the purpose of democracy is to carry out the policy of “great human hopes”, and its true value is based on the common good. A social organization of both communitarian and personalist inspiration should provide justice and consummate the highest ideal of freedom understood in a fraternal light. Although the foundation of these characteristics on the natural law has suffered criticism for its metaphysical nature, it can be argued that there is an analogy between the Maritainist practical principle of the universal recognition of human rights and the practical principles of the political philosophy. As the recognition of human rights is the result of a practical agreement among authors of different theoretical traditions, so the general principles of democracy can be known and recognized through human practice, especially through the exercise of democracy. We stand for such analogy in order to renew the relations between the speculative and practice foundations of democratic principles, inspired by Maritain’s political philosophy. The criticism of Maritain by John Finnis is part of this debate, which allows us to discover the actuality of the French philosopher, as well as conduct a review of this aspect of his thought.
Date Added 18/01/2017, 17:54:06
Modified 19/01/2017, 17:28:14

Tags:

  • democracy
  • human rights
  • Jacques Maritain
  • natural law

Notes:

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