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Pratiques chrétiennes pour le vivre-ensemble dans des démocraties plurielles, l’Église et l’État selon Augustin

Pratiques chrétiennes pour le vivre-ensemble dans des démocraties plurielles, l’Église et l’État selon Augustin

Manuel Lencastre Cardoso, ‘Pratiques chrétiennes pour le vivre-ensemble dans des démocraties plurielles, l’Église et l’État selon Augustin’, Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 73, no. 1 (2017): 101–32, DOI .17990/rpf/2017_73_1_0101

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Pratiques chrétiennes pour le vivre-ensemble dans des démocraties plurielles, l’Église et l’État selon Augustin

Type Journal Article
Author Manuel Lencastre Cardoso
Rights © 2017 Aletheia - Associação Científica e Cultural | © 2017 Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia
Volume 73
Issue 1
Pages 101-132
Publication Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia
ISSN 0870-5283; 2183-461X
Date 2017
DOI 10.17990/rpf/2017_73_1_0101
Language French
Abstract The variety of religious communities present in today’s western-European countries, and their subsequent political impact, urgently calls for a new model of articulation between church and state, religion and politics. This essay makes some suggestions for one such model based on Saint Augustine’s sermons and letters. In those writings, Augustine shows us the everyday political practices of his Christian community – practices based on which this article proposes a model where both the religious communities are entitled to be present in the public arena, and the political authorities have the tools to assure peace and order. For that reason, revisiting Augustine’s work is crucial for a contemporary reflection on the relationship between state and church. Finally, this essay also systematizes the Augustinian distribution of political tasks between Monks, Christian laity, Christian magistrates, and Bishops.
Date Added 21/04/2017, 10:00:32
Modified 21/04/2017, 14:34:25

Tags:

  • Augustine
  • church and state
  • laicity
  • religious pluralism

Notes:

  • Augustin d’Hippone, Augustine Political Writings, edited by E.M. Atkins and R.J. Dodaro. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001.
    Augustin d’Hippone, La Cité de Dieu. Translated by. G. Combés, BA 37. Paris: Desclée de Brouwer, 1960.
    Augustin d’Hippone, Lettres 1*-29*, introduction by J. Divjak, BA 46 B. Paris : Desclée de Brouwer, 1987.
    Augustin d’Hippone, Œuvres complètes de Saint Augustin, edited by M. Poujoulat and l’abbé Raulx, translated by M. Poujoulat. Tome I, 519-561; Tome II; Tome III, 1-123. Bar-Le-Duc, 1864.
    Bondolfi, Alberto. “La pensée et la pratique chrétiennes face à la torture”, Revue d’éthique et de théologie morale 248 (2008/1) : 9-21.
    Breyfogle, Todd. “Punishment”. In Augustine through the Ages: An Encyclopedia, edited by A. D. Fitzgerald, 688-690. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans Publishing Company, 2009.
    Brito Martins, Maria Manuela. “Amicitia nostra vera ac sempiterna erit: As fontes da amizade espiritual em Agostinho de Hipona”, Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 64 (2008): 209-240.
    Brito, António José de. “A noção do “Estado” em Santo Agostinho”, Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 52 (1996): 111-123.
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    Congar, Yves M.-J.. “Introduction”. In Œuvres de Saint Augustin, Traités anti-donatistes, BA 28, 1-25. Paris: Desclée de Brouwer, 1963.
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    Dodaro, Robert. “Augustine’s secular city”. In Augustine and his critics, essays in honour of Gerald Bonner, edited by R. Dodaro and G. Lawless, 231-259. London: Routledge, 2000.
    Dodaro, Robert. “Church and State”. In Augustine through the Ages: An Encyclopedia, edited by A. D. Fitzgerald, 176-184. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans Publishing Company, 2009.
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    Mathisen, Ralph W.. “Society, Social Thought”. In Augustine through the Ages: An Encyclopedia, edited by A. D. Fitzgerald, 803-806. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans Publishing Company, 2009.
    Matthews, Gareth B.. Santo Agostinho A vida e as ideias de um filosofo adiante de seu tempo. Translated by A. Cabral. Rio de Janeiro: Zahar Editores, 2005.
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    Miranda Urbano, Carlota. O De excidio Vrbis e outros sermões sobre a queda de Roma. Coimbra: Centro de Estudos Clássicos e Humanísticos da Universidade de Coimbra, 2010.
    Rahner, Hugo. L’Église et l’État dans le christianisme primitif. Translated by G. Zinck. Paris: Cerf, 2010.

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