|Rights||© 2019 Aletheia - Associação Científica e Cultural | © 2019 Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia|
|Publication||Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia|
|Abstract||This article analyzes Kant’s conception of freedom and discussions about it. It starts with Kant’s early works and his search for the ways to overcome the limitations of the views of freedom as independence from one’s own inclinations and from whims of others. Conception of moral freedom was developed in three formulations of the categorical imperative. Kant formulated the positive conception of freedom as the free capacity for choice. It asserts the unconditional value of the freedom to set one’s own ends. Autonomy of the will is the supreme principle of morality and a necessary condition of moral agency. Attention is paid to the discussions about outer and inner freedom, and the differences between those who argue for the relations of right to morality and those who deny this. In Kant’s philosophy, morality and right are intrinsically related. He criticized moral utilitarianism as related to servility and political paternalism, which lead to unfreedom. In today’s world, imperial designs and neototalitarian tendencies are two sides of the same coin. The article holds that the real alternative to the hegemon-centric order will be not for the dominating power to change hands, but for a world free from any hegemonic domination. It shows the relevance of Kant’s project of perpetual peace and cosmopolitan world order.|
|Date Added||24/04/2019, 19:27:49|
Alvarez, José E. International Organizations as Law-Makers. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005, ISBN: 9780198765622.
Chomsky, Noam. Hegemony or Survival: America’s Quest for Global Dominance. New York: Metropolitan Books, 2003, ISBN: 978-0805074000.
Dallmayr, Fred, and Edward Demenchonok, eds. A World Beyond Global Disorder: The Courage to Hope. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2017, ISBN: 9781443898829
Gregor, Mary J., ed. Immanuel Kant, Practical Philosophy. General introduction by Allen Wood. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996, ISBN: 9780521371032.
Gross, Bertram. Friendly Fascism: The New Face of Power in America. New York: Open Road Media, 2016, ISBN: 9781497689404.
Guyer, Paul. “Kant’s Deductions of the Principles of Right.” In Timmons, Kant’s Metaphysics of Morals.
Guyer, Paul. Virtues of Freedom: Selected Essays on Kant. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 2016, ISBN: 9780191072253.
Habermas, Jürgen. The Divided West. Translated by Ciaran Cronin. Malden MA, Cambridge UK: Polity, 2006, ISBN: 9780745635187.
Habermas, Jürgen. “Kant’s Idea of Perpetual Peace, with the Benefit of Two Hundred Years’ Hindsight.” In Perpetual Peace: Essays on Kant’s Cosmopolitan Ideal. Edited by James Bohman and Matthias LutzBachmann. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1997, ISBN: 9780585345413.
Kant, Immanuel. Critique of Practical Reason. In Gregor, Immanuel Kant, Practical Philosophy.
Kant, Immanuel. Groundwork of The Metaphysics of Morals. In Gregor, Immanuel Kant, Practical Philosophy.
Kant, Immanuel. “Kant’s Practical Philosophy: Herder’s Lecture Notes (selections).” In Lectures on Ethics. Edited by Peter Heath and J. B. Schneewind. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001, ISBN: 9780521788045.
Kant, Immanuel. Metaphysics of Morals. In Gregor, Immanuel Kant, Practical Philosophy.
Kant, Immanuel. Notes and Fragments. Edited by Patrick R. Frierson and Paul Guyer. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005, ISBN: 9780521884129.
Kant, Immanuel. “On the Common Saying: ‘This May Be True in Theory, but It Does Not Apply in Practice.’” In Gregor, Immanuel Kant, Practical Philosophy.
Kant, Immanuel. “Toward Perpetual Peace: A Philosophical Project.” In Gregor, Immanuel Kant, Practical Philosophy.
Kant, Immanuel. “Selections from the Notes on the Observations on the Feeling of the Beautiful and Sublime.” In Notes and Fragments, edited by Patrick R. Frierson and Paul Guyer, 1-24. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005, ISBN: 9780521884129.
Locke, John. Second Treatise on Government. With introduction by C. B. Macpherson. Indianapolis, IN: Hackett, 1980, ISBN: 9780915144938.
Nance, Michael. “Kantian Right and the Categorical Imperative: Response to Willaschek.” International Journal of Philosophical Studies 20, no. 4 (2012): 541–556, doi: 10.1080/09672559.2012.668921.
Seel, Gerhard. “How Does Kant Justify the Universal Objective Validity of the Law of Right?.” International Journal of Philosophical Studies 17, no. 1 (2009): 71–94, doi: 10.1080/09672550802610974.
Soloviev, Erikh J. The Categorial Imperative of Morality and Right [in Russian]. Moscow: Progress-Traditsia, 2005.
Timmons, Mark, ed. Kant’s Metaphysics of Morals: Interpretative Essays. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002, ISBN: 9780198250098.
Vagts, Detlev F. “Hegemonic International Law.” American Journal of International Law 95 (Oct. 2001): 843–848, doi: 10.2307/2674630.
Willaschek, Marcus. “The Non-Derivability of Kantian Right from the Categorical Imperative: A Response to Nance.” International Journal of Philosophical Studies 20, no. 4 (2012): 557–564, doi: 10.1080/09672559.2012.669114 .
Willaschek, Marcus. “Right and Coercion: Can Kant’s Conception of Right be Derived from his Moral Theory?.” International Journal of Philosophical Studies 17, no. 1 (2009): 49–70, doi: 10.1080/09672550802610982.
Wolin, Sheldon S. Democracy Inc. Managed Democracy and the Specter of Inverted Totalitarianism. Princeton: Princeton University Press 2008, ISBN: 9780691145891.
Wood, Allen. “The Final Form of Kant’s Practical Philosophy.” In Timmons, Kant’s Metaphysics of Morals.
Wood, Allen. The Free Development of Each: Studies on Freedom, Right, and Ethics in Classical German Philosophy. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014, ISBN: 9780191508745.
Wood, Allen. “Right and Ethics: A Critical Tribute to Paul Guyer.” In Kant on Freedom and Spontaneity. Edited by Kate A. Moran. Cambridge University Press, 2018, ISBN: 9781107125933.
Zuboff, Shoshana. The Age of Surveillance Capitalism: The Fight for the Future at the New Frontier of Power. New York: PublicAffairs Books, 2019, ISBN: 9781610395694.
Total 0,00 €