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Kant’s Two Models of Human Actions

Kant’s Two Models of Human Actions

Kenneth R. Westphal, “Kant’s Two Models of Human Actions,” Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 75, no. 1 (2019): 17–32,

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Kant’s Two Models of Human Actions

Type Journal Article
Author Kenneth R. Westphal
Rights © 2019 Aletheia - Associação Científica e Cultural | © 2019 Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia
Volume 75
Issue 1
Pages 17-32
Publication Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia
ISSN 0870-5283
Date 2019
DOI 10.17990/RPF/2019_75_1_0017
Language English
Abstract Despite extensive examination of Kant’s Transcendental Idealist account of (purported) freedom of action, an important question has been neglected about why and how Kant can use two distinct models of human action when considering any particular human act. The present paper examines and answers this question, revealing neglected yet important points about Kant’s account of action and its understanding and assessment.
Date Added 24/04/2019, 19:27:31
Modified 24/04/2019, 19:32:21


  • determinism,
  • Kant,
  • incorporation thesis,
  • causal judgment,
  • explaining action,
  • freedom of action,
  • mixed will,
  • understanding action


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