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Revisiting ‘Subjectivity’ in Rights Theories

Revisiting ‘Subjectivity’ in Rights Theories

Ana Caldeira Fouto, “Revisiting ‘Subjectivity’ in Rights Theories: The (Re)Creation of the ‘Legal Subject’ in Second Scholastics Juridical Discourse,” Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 75, no. 2 (2019): 1103–24,

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Revisiting “Subjectivity” in Rights Theories: The (Re)Creation of the “Legal Subject” in Second Scholastics Juridical Discourse

Type Journal Article
Author Ana Caldeira Fouto
Rights © 2019 Aletheia - Associação Científica e Cultural | © 2019 Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia
Volume 75
Issue 2
Pages 1103-1124
Publication Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia
ISSN 0870-5283
Date 2019
DOI 10.17990/RPF/2019_75_2_1103
Language English
Abstract Rights theories can be characterized by the conflicting views regarding the meaning of the “subject” of those rights. Traditionally identified as a characteristic of modern legal thought, individualism reflects not only in philosophical and political options, as well as in the technical constructions which have contributed to the definitions of rights still very much in use. Legal historiography has dwelled with the quest for the origins of what is seen as the structural element of modern rights – subjectivism – in the disruption of a scholastic paradigm of law, but broadening the sources used in that research suggests that the modern “legal subject” as a “subject of rights” is drawn from a less disruptive concept and therefore the modern notion of “rights” is structurally more complex – in fact, that underlying hidden complexity emerges in some contemporary jurisprudential debates regarding the nature of rights.
Date Added 01/07/2019, 18:36:50
Modified 02/07/2019, 18:29:14


  • natural rights,
  • legal historiography,
  • modern legal thought,
  • rights theories,
  • second scholastics,
  • subjective rights


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