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On the Ontological Status of Senses (Sinne) in Frege

On the Ontological Status of Senses (Sinne) in Frege

Bar-Elli, Gilead - “On the Ontological Status of Senses (Sinne) in Frege”. In: Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia, Vol. 71, N. 2-3, 2015, pp. 287-306.
DOI 10.17990/RPF/2015_71_2_0287

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On the Ontological Status of Senses (Sinne) in Frege

  • Author Gilead Bar-Elli
    Rights © 2015 Aletheia - Associação Científica e Cultural | © 2015 Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia
    Volume 71
    Issue 2-3
    Pages 287-306
    Publication Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia
    ISSN 0870-5283; 2183-461X
    Date 2015
    DOI 10.17990/RPF/2015_71_2_0287
    Language English
    Abstract Resumo: Os sentidos para Frege são reais e objectivos, mas não são nem objectos nem funções. Eles são reais por causa da sua objectividade e por serem referências em contextos oblíquos. E, mesmo assim, eles não são objectos: eles não têm o modo de ser dos objectos – entidades identificáveis auto-subsistentes independentes – nem são funções. Assim, a ontologia de Frege inclui ainda uma outra categoria ontológica, a do sentido, que tem o seu próprio modo especial de ser. Entre as suas características encontra-se: a sua intencionalidade, a sua sobreveniência na referência, a compreensibilidade pela mente humana e a limitação pela linguagem. Assim, os sentidos cruzam as distinções ontológicas simples, como a mental / material. 

    Palavras-chave: Frege, funções, objectividade, objectos, platonismo, referência, sentido 

    Abstract: Fregean senses are real and objective, but neither objects nor functions. They are real because of their objectivity and their being references in oblique contexts. And yet they are not objects: they don’t have the mode of being of objects − independent self-subsistent identifiable entities − neither are they functions. Thus, Frege’s ontology includes another ontological category, that of sense, having its own special mode of being. Among its further characteristics are its intentionality, its supervenience on reference, its being graspable by the human mind and constrained by language. Thus, it crosses simple ontological distinctions like the mental / material one. 

    Keywords: Frege, sense, reference, objects, function, objectivity, platonism
    Date Added 28/07/2015, 12:02:17
    Modified 21/10/2015, 15:31:04

    Tags:

    • Frege
    • function
    • objectivity
    • objects
    • Platonism
    • reference
    • sense

    References:

    • Frege's Writings:

      Begriffsschrift (1879), tr. S. Baur-Mengelberg in From Frege to Goedel, ed. van Heijenoort, Harvard University Press, 1967 − B

      Collected Papers on Mathematics, Logic and Philosophy, ed. B. McGuinness, Blackwell, 1984 – CP

      Foundations of Arithmetic (1884), tr. J. Austin, Blackwell, 1951 – FA

      Foundations of Geometry, tr. E-H. W. Kluge (in CP) – GF

      Grundgesetze der Arithmetik (vol. I 1893, vol. II 1903), Olms Verlag, 1998 − Gg.Part of vol. I tr. M. Furth as Basic Laws of Arithmetic, California    University Press, 1964 − BL;

      Extracts from vol. II tr. M. Black in TPF.

      Posthumous Writings, tr. P. Long and R. White, Blackwell 1979 – PW

      The Frege Reader, ed. M. Beaney, Blackwell, 1997 – FR

      Translations From the Philosophical Writings of Frege, ed. P. Geach, and M. Black, Oxford, 1952 – TPF

      "Function and Concept", tr. P. Geach in TPF (also in FR) - FC

      "On Concept and Object", tr. P. Geach in TPF (also in FR) – CO.

      "On Sense and Reference", tr. M. Black in TPF (also in FR) – SR.

      "Logic in Mathematics" in PW - LM

      Other Writers:

      Bar-Elli, G.: The Sense of Reference - Intentionality in Frege, De Gruyter, 1996.

      -------------: "Frege`s Early Conception of Logic", Epistemologia VIII, 1986, pp. 125-140.

      --------------: "Identity in Frege's Begriffsschrift", Canadian Journal of Philosophy, vol. 36/3, 2006".

      -------------: "Analyticity and Justification in Frege". Erkenntnis: Volume 73, Issue 2 (2010), pp. 165-184.

      ------------: "Three Kantian Strands in Frege's View of Arithmetic", The Journal of the History of Analytic Philosophy, vol. 2 no. 7, 2014, 1-21.

      Blackburn, S.: Spreading the Word, Oxford, 1984.

      BlanchetteP. "Frege on Consistency and Conceptual Analysis", Philosophia Mathematica, 15, 2007, 321-346

      Burge, T. (1990): "Frege on Sense and Linguistic Meaning", in D. Bell, N. Cooper (eds.), The Analytic Tradition (pp. 30-60), Oxford: Blackewell.

      Carnap, R.: The Foundations of Probability, Chicago, 1951.

      Connant, J.: "Elucidation and Nonsense in Frege and Early Wittgenstein", in The New Wittgenstein (A. Crary and R. Read eds.) Routledge, 2000.

      Dummet, M.: Frege, Philosophy of Language, 2nd ed. Duckworth, 1981.

      Dummett, M.: Frege and Other Philosophers, Oxford University Press, 1991a

      Dummett, M.: Frege, Philosophy of Mathematics. Harvard University Press, 1991.

      Evans, G.: The Varieties of Reference, Oxford University Press, 1984

      Hilbert, D.: Foundations of Geometry (1899), tr. E.J. Townsend. La Salle, 1950.

      Husserl, E.: Aufsaeze and Rezensionen, 11-12.                                        

      Nelson, M.: "Frege and the Paradox of Analysis", Philosophical Studies, Vol. 137/2 2008, pp. 159-181.

      Parsons, C.: Mathematics in Philosophy, Cornell, 1983.

      Schilpp, ed.: The Philosophy of Rudolf Carnap, La Salle, 1963.

      Shieh S. : "Freged on Definitions", Philosophy Compass vol 3/5, 2008, 992-1012.

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