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The Vicissitudes of Metaphysics in Kant and Early Post-Kantian Philosophy

The Vicissitudes of Metaphysics in Kant and Early Post-Kantian Philosophy

de Boer, Karin - “The Vicissitudes of Metaphysics in Kant and Early Post-Kantian Philosophy”. In: Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia, Vol. 71, N. 2-3, 2015, pp. 267-286. DOI 10.17990/RPF/2015_71_2_0267

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The Vicissitudes of Metaphysics in Kant and Early Post-Kantian Philosophy

  • Author Karin de Boer
    Rights © 2015 Aletheia - Associação Científica e Cultural | © 2015 Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia
    Volume 71
    Issue 2-3
    Pages 267-286
    Publication Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia
    ISSN 0870-5283; 2183-461X
    Date 2015
    DOI 10.17990/RPF/2015_71_2_0267
    Language English
    Abstract Resumo: Não há dúvida que tanto Kant como Hegel viram os seus respectivos trabalhos, como contribuições para aquilo que consideravam ser a “metafísica”. No entanto, a autora argumenta, que isto só deve ser compreendido, tendo presente, as concepções de metafísica de cada um dos autores. A autora, começando pela distinção implícita entre metafísica geral e metafísica especial na Crítica da Razão Pura, argumenta que Kant, Fichte, Schelling e Hegel comprometeram-se com uma investigação que, até essa altura, era do domínio da metafísica geral. A autora, concentrando-se na noção de sistema de razão pura, tal como aludido na Crítica da Razão Pura, mostra, que os sucessores de Kant, interpretaram erroneamente a distinção kantiana entre crítica e sistema, o que permitiu elaborarem um sistema completo de razão pura, contrário àquilo que era intenção de Kant.

    Palavras-chave: Fichte, Hegel, idealismo alemão, Kant, metafísica, sistema

    Abstract: There is no doubt that both Kant and Hegel saw their work as contributions to what they considered metaphysics proper. Yet what they meant by this, I argue, can only be understood by taking into account their own conception of metaphysics. Starting from Kant’s implicit distinction between general metaphysics and special metaphysics in the Critique of Pure Reason, I argue that Kant, Fichte, Schelling and Hegel engaged in the investigation that used to be carried out in general metaphysics. Focusing on the notion of a system of pure reason intimated in the Critique of Pure Reason, I show, moreover, that Kant’s successors, while misinterpreting the Kantian distinction between critique and system, elaborated a method that made it possible to produce a complete system of pure reason, albeit one that differed from the system Kant had in mind.

    Keywords: Fichte, german idealism, Hegel, Kant, metaphysics, system
    Date Added 28/07/2015, 12:01:09
    Modified 21/10/2015, 15:29:45

    Tags:

    • Fichte
    • German Idealism
    • Hegel
    • Kant
    • metaphysics
    • system

    References:

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