|Rights||© 2021 by Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia|
|Publication||Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia|
|Abstract||This paper explores the prospects of radical hope for addressing the devastation of the Covid-19 pandemic. Hope is useful for conceptualizing the proper balance between too much fear and too little about our uncertain future. First, I describe the ethical challenge of the pandemic as a wicked problem. Because accepted ethical theories fail to motivate solutions, wicked problems pressure us to develop our value systems, exercise moral imaginations, and discover creative solutions. Second, I develop an Aristotelian account of radical hope, drawing from ancient philosophy, virtue ethics, and recent climate ethics. Radical hope is a novel form of courage, which balances the goal of external success, that something good will emerge from the tragedy, against the goal of living well for its own sake through practical wisdom. I conclude by applying some lessons to our present situation.|
|Date Added||9/10/2021, 5:12:18 PM|
|Modified||9/10/2021, 6:20:30 PM|
Aristotle. The Nicomachean Ethics. Translated by William David Ross, edited by John Lloyd Ackrill and James Opie Urmson. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1980.
Aristotle. The Art of Rhetoric. Translated by Robin Waterfield, edited by Harvey Yunis. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018.
Aristotle. Poetics. Translated and edited by Anthony Kenny. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013.
Camus, Albert. The Plague. Translated by Stuart Gilbert. New York: Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group, 1991.
Center on Budget and Policy Priorities. Tracking the Covid-19 Recession’s Effects on Food, Housing, and Employment Hardships, (September 2020), https://www.cbpp.org/research/poverty-and-inequality/tracking-the-covid-19-recessions-effects-on-food-housing-and.
Cicero, Marcus Tully. De Finibus Bonorum et Malorum. Translated by H. Rackham, London: W. Heinemann, 1931.
Cramer, Maria and Sheikh, Knvul. “Surgeon General Urges the Public to Stop Buying Face Masks.” The New York Times (February 29, 2020), https://www.nytimes.com/2020/02/29/health/coronavirus-n95-face-masks.html.
Dickinson, Emily. “I Measure Every Grief I Meet.” In The Complete Poems of Emily Dickinson, edited by Thomas Herbert Johnson. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1955.
Di Paola, Marcello. “Environmental Stewardship, Moral Psychology and Gardens.” Environmental Values 22, no. 4 (2013): 503-21. doi:10.3197/096327113x13690717320784.
Driver, Julia. Uneasy Virtue. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001. https://doi.org/10.1017/cbo9780511498770.
Flaherty, Colleen. “Scores of Colleges Announce Faculty Hiring Freezes in Response to Coronavirus.” Inside Higher Education (April 1, 2020), https://www.insidehighered.com/news/2020/04/01/scores-colleges-announce-faculty-hiring-freezes-response-coronavirus.
Gardiner, Stephen M. A Perfect Moral Storm: The Ethical Tragedy of Climate Change. New York: Oxford University Press, 2011. DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195379440.001.0001.
Hale, Benjamin. “Right-Leveling Indeterminacy: Environmental Problems, Non-State Actors, and The Global Market.” In Climate Justice and Non-State Actors: Corporations, Regions, Cities, and Individuals, edited by Jeremy Moss, Lachlan Umbers. London: Routledge, 2020. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780429351877-8.
Hole, Benjamin. 2021. “Radical Virtue and Climate Action.” Environmental Ethics (Online First). https://doi.org/10.5840/enviroethics202142718
Hole, Benjamin. “Aristotle’s Account of Moral Perception (EN.VI.8) & Nussbaum’s Priority of the Particular Thesis.” Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia, The Good in Ancient Philosophy: Contemporary Retrievals, 2021, Vol. 77 (1): 357-380. DOI.10.17990/RPF/2021_77_1_0357.
Hursthouse, Rosalind. “Virtue Theory and Abortion.” Philosophy & Public Affairs 20 no. 3 (1991): 223-246.
Hursthouse, Rosalind. On Virtue Ethics. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999. https://doi.org/10.1093/0199247994.001.0001.
Ioannidis, John P.A. “A Fiasco in the Making?” Stat News (March 17, 2020), https://www.statnews.com/2020/03/17/a-fiasco-in-the-making-as-the-coronavirus-pandemic-takes-hold-we-are-making-decisions-without-reliable-data/.
Jamieson, Dale. “Ethics, Public Policy, and Global Warming.” Global Bioethics 5, no. 1 (1992): 31–42. https://doi.org/10.1080/11287462.1992.10800592.
Jamieson, Dale. “When Utilitarians Should Be Virtue Theorists.” Utilitas 19, no. 2 (2007): 160-183. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0953820807002452.
Jamieson, Dale. “Climate Change, Responsibility, and Justice.” Science and Engineering 16, no. 3 (2010): 431-445. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11948-009-9174-x.
Jamieson, Dale. Reason in a Dark Time: Why the Struggle Against Climate Change Failed and What It Means for Our Future. New York: Oxford University Press, 2014. https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199337668.003.0003.
Kwon, R.O. “Trouble Focusing? Not Sleeping? You May Be Grieving.” The New York Times (April 9, 2020), https://www.nytimes.com/2020/04/09/opinion/sunday/coronavirus-grief-mental-health.html.
Lear, Jonathon. Radical Hope: Ethics in the Face of Cultural Devastation. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2006.
Leiter, Brian. “Statement of Academic Solidarity.” Leiter Reports: A Philosophy Blog (April 29, 2020), https://leiterreports.typepad.com/blog/2020/04/statement-of-academic-solidarity.html.
Mayer, Petra. “Pandemic Gardens Satisfy a Hunger for More Than Just Good Tomatoes.” National Public Radio Special Series: The Coronavirus Crisis (May 9, 2020), https://www.npr.org/2020/05/09/852441460/pandemic-gardens-satisfy-a-hunger-for-more-than-just-good-tomatoes.
Nussbaum, Martha Craven. Love’s Knowledge: Essays on Philosophy and Literature. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, 1990.
Pelser, Adam. “Ethics in a Pandemic Age.” Psychology Today (March 2020), https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/ethics-everyone/202003/ethics-in-pandemic-age.
Rittel, Horst W. J., and Webber, Melvin M. 1973. “Dilemmas in a General Theory of Planning.” Policy Sciences 4: 155-69.
Weinberg, Justin. “Scholars Threaten Boycott in Solidarity with Graduate Students & Non-Tenure-Track Faculty.” Daily Nous: News for and about the Philosophy Profession (April 29, 2020), https://dailynous.com/2020/04/29/scholars-threaten-boycott-solidarity-graduate-students-non-tenure-track-faculty/.
Total 0,00 €