|Rights||© 2019 Aletheia - Associação Científica e Cultural | © 2019 Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia|
|Publication||Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia|
|Abstract||In the following paper, the interconnection and relationship between theology and politics is studied in the context of the iconoclastic controversy of the 7th and 8th centuries in the Eastern Roman Empire. We start by observing the historical context of this polemic. Then, the patristic theology of icons is presented on the basis of Saint John Damascene’s classical apologetic treatises on the holy images. The several meanings of «image» are analyzed, with special focus on the equivalence between images and logoi and its presuppositions based on a theology of divine energies. Subsequently, we draw attention to the correlation between icon and oikonomia, as well as to the significant distinction between theology and economy. The theologico-political assumptions of the Eastern Roman Empire are analyzed, with a confrontation between the descriptive models of «caesaropapism» and «symphony of powers». The «economical» presuppositions of the Eastern Roman political theology are evidenced and contrasted with the political implications of a metaphysical approach to theology. Finally, we observe how the iconoclastic problematic migrated to the West in connection with the nascent doctrine of the Filioque and outline its consequences for the newly developing Franco-Latin civilization.|
|Date Added||27/10/2019, 19:52:52|
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