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La causalité en biologie relationnelle

La causalité en biologie relationnelle

Astrid Modera, “La causalité en biologie relationnelle,” in The Insides of Nature: Causality and Conceptions of Nature, ed. Álvaro Balsas and Bruno Nobre, Axioma Studies in Philosophy of Nature and in Philosophy and History of Science 4 (Braga: Axioma - Publicações da Faculdade de Filosofia, 2020), 161–82, https://doi.org/10.17990/Axistudies/2020_04_161.

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La causalité en biologie relationnelle

Type Book Section
Editor Álvaro Balsas
Editor Bruno Nobre
Author Astrid Modera
URL https://doi.org/10.17990/Axistudies/2020_04_161
Rights © 2020 Aletheia - Associação Científica e Cultural
Series Axioma Studies in Philosophy of Nature and in Philosophy and History of Science
Place Braga
Publisher Axioma - Publicações da Faculdade de Filosofia
Pages 161-182
ISBN 978-972-697-319-5
Date 2020
Series Number 4
Language French
Abstract This paper explores the philosophical value of relational biology, founded by Nicolas Rashevsky and perpetuated by Robert Rosen and A.H. Louie, and the way it considers causality. The main idea of this theory is that what makes organisms specific entities are the relations between the elements inside them, not those elements themselves. As I will argue in this paper, this idea, in addition to being quite simple to understand, is philosophically interesting for the greater question of life. It stands against the classical reductionist position by proposing a holistic consideration of living entities. Furthermore, it includes a modern lecture of Aristotle’s causation, which is rare for a contemporary scientific theory. Another major idea of relational biologists is to use the mathematical theory of categories as their main tool which ensures the rigor of the whole enterprise. Thanks to all of this, relational biology offers us new definitions of life which enrich the reflection about the specificity of life.
Book Title The Insides of Nature: Causality and Conceptions of Nature
Date Added 6/4/2020, 3:08:35 PM
Modified 6/4/2020, 4:04:40 PM

Tags:

  • (M,R) Systems,
  • aristotelian causality,
  • History of Science
  • metaphysics
  • philosophy of biology,
  • Philosophy of Nature
  • Philosophy of Physics
  • philosophy of science
  • relational biology,
  • theory of categories

Notes:

  • Aristote. La physique. trad. A. Stevens. Paris: Vrin, 2012.
    Bedau, Mark A. & Paul Humphreys. Emergence. Contemporary readings in philosophy and science. London: MIT Press, 2008.
    Driesch, Hans. La philosophie de l’organisme, trad. M. Kollmann, Paris: Rivière, 1921.
    Eilenberg, Samuel & Saunders MacLane. “General Theory of Natural Equivalences”, Transactions of the American Mathematical Society 58, no. 2 (1945), 231-294.
    Lawvere, F. William & Stephen H. Schanuel. Conceptual Mathematics. A first introduction to categories. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997.
    Louie, A.H. “(M,R)-Systems and Their Realizations”, Axiomathes 16, no. 1-2 (2006): 35-64, doi: 10.1007/s10516-005-4203-0.
    Louie, A.H. More Than Life Itself. A Synthetic Continuation in Relational Biology. Frankfurt: Ontos Verlag, 2009.
    Louie, A.H. The Reflection of Life. Functionnal Entailment and Imminence in Relational Biology. Dodrecht: Springer, 2013.
    Rosen, Robert. “A Relational Theory of Biological Systems”, Bulletin of Mathematical Biophysics 20, no. 4 (1958): 245-260, doi: 10.1007/bf02478302.
    Rosen, Robert. “The Representation of Biological Systems from the Standpoint of the Theory of Categories”, Bulletin of Mathematical Biophysics 20, no. 4 (1958), 317-341, doi: 10.1007/bf02477890.
    Rosen, Robert. “A Relational Theory of Biological Systems II”, Bulletin of Mathematical Biophysics 21, no. 2 (1959): 109-128, doi: 10.1007/bf02476354.
    Rosen, Robert. Life Itself. A Comprehensive Inquiry Into The Nature, Origin, And Fabrication Of Life. New York: Columbia University Press, 1991.
    Sartenaer, Olivier. Qu’est-ce que l’émergence ? Paris: Vrin, 2018.

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