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Presentation - The Insides of Nature: Causality and Conceptions of Nature

Presentation - The Insides of Nature: Causality and Conceptions of Nature

Álvaro Balsas and Bruno Nobre, “Presentation - The Insides of Nature: Causality and Conceptions of Nature,” in The Insides of Nature: Causality and Conceptions of Nature, ed. Álvaro Balsas and Bruno Nobre, Axioma Studies in Philosophy of Nature and in Philosophy and History of Science 4 (Braga: Axioma - Publicações da Faculdade de Filosofia, 2020), xiii–xviii, https://doi.org/10.17990/Axistudies/2020_04_xiii.

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Presentation - The Insides of Nature: Causality and Conceptions of Nature

Type Book Section
Editor Álvaro Balsas
Editor Bruno Nobre
Author Álvaro Balsas
Author Bruno Nobre
URL https://doi.org/10.17990/Axistudies/2020_04_xiii
Rights © 2020 Aletheia - Associação Científica e Cultural
Series Axioma Studies in Philosophy of Nature and in Philosophy and History of Science
Place Braga
Publisher Axioma - Publicações da Faculdade de Filosofia
Pages xiii-xviii
ISBN 978-972-697-319-5
Date 2020
Series Number 4
Language English
Abstract Philosophy of nature is the branch of philosophy which, out of the dialogue with the various sciences, reflects on our knowledge of nature (in its various meanings). Although its research object is that of the particular sciences, Philosophy of nature takes a philosophical-metaphysical perspective, having as a goal to arrive at a comprehensive, interdisciplinary, and harmonic understanding of the different images of Nature – although, not always consistent – associated with the corresponding particular sciences. A comprehensive understanding of nature is fundamental for the self-understanding of the human being. And it is also crucial for the understanding of the relationship of human beings among themselves and with nature. Thus, a better understanding of these relationships will allow: an improved self-balance and personal fulfillment; the construction of more inclusive societies; an increased adoption of human and ecological styles of life; and a more sustainable interaction with our planet. The problem of causality within natural phenomena is, nowadays, one of the most significant challenges for the interdisciplinary dialogue between scientists, philosophers and theologians. Since the beginning of the 17th century, the approach to the study of causality has been mainly reductionist (bottom-up), placing it at the level of the elementary objects, constitutive of higher-level systems. Contemporary science, however, has disclosed some limitations to that traditional reductionist paradigm, drawing the attention of both philosophers and scientists to the problem of causality at higher levels of complexity, namely, at the level of chemistry, microbiology, epigenetics, evolutionary biology, physiology, neurosciences/cognitive sciences, psychology, social sciences, and computer and information sciences. This new paradigm of causality – called top-down causality – concerns not only each individual science but also the relationship between the various scientific branches. Top-down causality is complex, multifaceted, and related to the emergence of contextual complexity throughout the cosmic evolutionary process. It is also highly relevant for the study of the mind, ethics, and religious phenomena.
Book Title The Insides of Nature: Causality and Conceptions of Nature
Date Added 6/4/2020, 1:08:45 PM
Modified 6/4/2020, 1:23:14 PM

Tags:

  • History of Science
  • metaphysics
  • Philosophy of Nature
  • Philosophy of Physics
  • philosophy of science

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