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L’influenza de la Dialectique des ‘exercices spirituels’ de Saint Ignace de Loyola nel pensiero di Jorge Mario Bergoglio

L’influenza de la Dialectique des ‘exercices spirituels’ de Saint Ignace de Loyola nel pensiero di Jorge Mario Bergoglio

Massimo Borghesi, “L’influenza de la Dialectique des ‘exercices spirituels’ de Saint Ignace de Loyola nel pensiero di Jorge Mario Bergoglio,” Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 76, no. 4 (2020): 1707–24,

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  • L’influenza de la Dialectique des “exercices spirituels” de Saint Ignace de Loyola nel pensiero di Jorge Mario Bergoglio

    Type Journal Article
    Author Massimo Borghesi
    Rights © 2020 Aletheia - Associação Científica e Cultural
    Volume 76
    Issue 4
    Pages 1707-1724
    Publication Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia
    ISSN 0870-5283
    Date 2020
    Extra The Influence of the Dialectique des “exercices spirituels” de Saint Ignace de Loyola in the Thought of Jorge Mario Bergoglio
    DOI 10.17990/RPF/2020_76_4_1707
    Language Italian
    Abstract When in October 2016 I started working on my book Jorge Mario Bergoglio. An intellectual biography I did not have the slightest idea of ​​the importance played by the figure and work of Gaston Fessard in the formation of Bergoglio’s thought. There was nothing to suggest that Gaston Fessard could be a relevant author for the intellectual formation of the future Pope. I was struck by the polar and dialectical model of thought that animated him, the possibility of harmonizing opposites, of inviting concepts to a common table that apparently could not be approached, because it places them in a higher plane in which they find their synthesis. This paradigm, of the Church and of the Society of Jesus as complexio oppositorum, finds its verification, according to Bergoglio, in the way in which the Jesuits have achieved the inculturation of the faith in the indigenous peoples of Latin America. Bergoglio rereads Ignatius in the light of a dialectical model. As he will say in one of the interviews he gave me on the occasion of the writing of my book: “In Ignatian spirituality there is always this bipolar tension”. It is certainly an original, uncommon reading of Ignatius’s thought. It is the ideal factor that allows us to explain why Bergoglio, when in 1986 he went to Frankfurt to write his doctoral thesis, chose the Guardinian essay dedicated to the polar opposition. When I concluded my volume on the intellectual biography of the future Pontiff in February 2017, one element, however, remained obscure. Where, from which author had Bergoglio drawn his polar model? Where did your antinomic reading of Ignatian spirituality come from? Not by Guardini discovered philosophically in 1986. Francis indicated the starting point of his intellectual formation. The reading of Fessard’s La dialectique des Exercices spirituels de saint Ignace de Loyola, published in 1956, is the work that “ had a great influence “ on him. It is the work that clarifies Bergoglio’s antinomian thought, his subsequent ideal encounter with Guardini’s philosophy.
    Date Added 1/28/2021, 10:24:24 PM
    Modified 1/28/2021, 11:14:43 PM


    • dialectics, Fessard, Guardini, ignatian spirituality, philosophy, Pope Francis.


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