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Sobre o Bem nas Memoráveis de Xenofonte

Sobre o Bem nas Memoráveis de Xenofonte

Alice Bitencourt Haddad, “Sobre o Bem nas Memoráveis de Xenofonte,” Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 77, no. 1 (2021): 205–16, https://doi.org/10.17990/RPF/2021_77_1_0205.

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  • Sobre o Bem nas Memoráveis de Xenofonte

    Type Journal Article
    Author Alice Bitencourt Haddad
    Rights © 2021 by Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia
    Volume 77
    Issue 1
    Pages 205-216
    Publication Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia
    ISSN 0870-5283
    Date 2021
    Extra On the Good in Xenophon’s Memorabilia
    DOI 10.17990/RPF/2021_77_1_0205
    Language Portuguese
    Abstract This article analyzes the concept of good through an overview of Xenophon’s Memorabilia. It begins with the dialogue between Socrates and Aristippus (3.8), in which the philosopher links the good with utility, indicating the recurrence of this conception in the dialogue with Euthydemus (4.6). It shows how the conception of good as useful is expanded to the divine realm, identifying the passages in which the gods appear as benefactors of humanity. Then, it deals, in contrast, with the human difficulty of accessing good, either by not recognizing it, or by the need for preliminary practice of virtue, understood as enkrateia, i.e., restraint of pleasures. In this context, the relevance of self-knowledge as the knowledge of one’s own power (δύναμις) stands out. Finally, the article highlights the figure of Socrates as a benefactor, describing the way Xenophon portrays him as a guide and a paradigm for those who wanted to learn from him.
    Date Added 4/29/2021, 12:33:13 AM
    Modified 4/29/2021, 11:40:26 AM

    Tags:

    • good, Memorabilia, Xenophon, utility.

    Notes:

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      Xenophon. Xenophontis opera omnia. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1970. v. 4.
      Xenophon. Xenophontis opera omnia, 2nd ed.: Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1971. v. 2.

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