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La obliteración de la trascendencia política de la maternidad en la teoría erótica de Simposio

La obliteración de la trascendencia política de la maternidad en la teoría erótica de Simposio

Valeria Sonna, “La obliteración de la trascendencia política de la maternidad en la teoría erótica de Simposio,” Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 78, no. 4 (2022): 1741–64, https://doi.org/10.17990/RPF/2022_78_4_1741.

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  • La obliteración de la trascendencia política de la maternidad en la teoría erótica de Simposio

    Type Journal Article
    Author Valeria Sonna
    Abstract Diotima’s speech in the Symposium, which defines the erotic function as an act of procreation in the beautiful, is generally regarded as the most faithful account of the philosopher’s views on the nature of love. While this definition has received much attention from commentators, few studies pay attention to the literal aspect that is veiled behind the rhetorical effect Plato seeks to install. This neglect is even more striking given that the theory of reproduction that underlies the metaphor contains several ambiguities that are unfamiliar to contemporary biology. In the present paper I propose to read Diotima’s argumentation by focusing on the biological conception of procreation that gives structure to the metaphor. I will focus my analysis on the statement that “the sexual union (synousía) between man and woman is a childbirth (tókos).” I will argue that this sentence not only condenses the general sense of the metaphor of intellectual procreation, but also hints at the embryological conception that underlies the metaphor, and that explains to some extent the ambiguity of the Platonic lexicon considering what the philosopher states in Timaeus 91c. I will also argue that the Symposium’s discourse on conception and childbirth, by effacing the female experience, contributes to the tradition of obliteration of the political transcendence of motherhood that prevails in the civic discourses of the time, and therefore to the reinforcement of the exclusion of women from citizenship and from the political sphere in general.
    Date 2022
    Language Spanish
    Rights © 2022 by Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia
    Extra The Obliteration of the Political Transcendence of Motherhood in the Symposium’s Erotic Theory
    Volume 78
    Pages 1741-1764
    Publication Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia
    DOI 10.17990/RPF/2022_78_4_1741
    Issue 4
    ISSN 0870-5283 ; 2183-461X
    Date Added 1/31/2023, 5:41:32 PM
    Modified 1/31/2023, 7:56:16 PM

    Tags:

    • ancient embryology, ancient philosophy, motherhood, Plato, women studies.

    Notes:

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