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Hylomorphism and Substantial Gradualism

Hylomorphism and Substantial Gradualism

Gabriele De Anna, “Hylomorphism and Substantial Gradualism,” Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 71, no. 4 (2015): 855–72, DOI 10.17990/rpf/2015_71_4_0855.

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Hylomorphism and substantial gradualism

  • Type Journal Article
    Author Gabriele De Anna
    Rights © 2015 Aletheia - Associação Científica e Cultural | © 2015 Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia
    Volume 71
    Issue 4
    Pages 855-872
    Publication Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia
    ISSN 0870-5283; 2183-461X
    Date 2015
    DOI 10.17990/rpf/2015_71_4_0855
    Language English
    Abstract

    Resumo: Recentemente o hilemorfismo – a visão tradicional, segundo a qual, as substâncias são constituídas pela composição de forma e matéria – tem sido alvo de renovado interesse. Este artigo centra-se na substância material, sugerindo que, neste caso, a composição hilemórfica requer uma nova concepção de forma que deve ser entendida também como energia, ou o exercício de uma força. Posteriormente argumenta-se em favor do gradualismo substancial: quando a forma é assim entendida, a substancialidade aparece em “graus”, isto é, as coisas podem ser substâncias em maior ou menor grau. O gradualismo substancial pode trazer uma nova luz sobre os actuais debates sobre a identificação das partes das substâncias e sobre a compatibilidade entre o hilemorfismo e o categorialismo. 

    Palavras-chave: forma, gradualismo substancial, hilemorfismo, matéria, substância 

    Abstract: Hylomorphism, the old traditional view according to which substances are constituted by the combination of form and matter, has recently undergone a renaissance. This essay focuses on material substance, and suggests that in this case the hylomorphic constitution calls for a notion of form which should be understood also as energy, or the exercise of a force. It further argues for substantial gradualism: when form is thus understood, substantiality comes in degrees, i.e. things can be substances to a greater or lesser degree. Substantial gradualism sheds new light on current discussions concerning the identification of the parts of substances and the compatibility between hylomorphism and sortalism. 

    Keywords: form, hylomorphism, matter, substance, substantial gradualism

    Date Added 28/07/2015, 12:02:45
    Modified 10/12/2015, 15:43:04

    Tags:

    • form
    • hylomorphism
    • Matter
    • sortal concept
    • substance
    • substantial gradualism

    Notes:

    • Fine, Kit. 1999. “Things and Their Parts.” Midweest Studies in Philosophy 23: 61-74.

      Haldane, John. 1998. “A Return to Form in the Philosophy of Mind.” Ratio 11: 253-76

      Koslicki, K. “Aristotle’s Mereology and the Status of Form.” The Journal of Philosophy 103: 715-136.

      Johnston, Mark. 2006. “Hylomorphism.” Journal of Philosophy 103: 614-30.

      Lowe, Jonathan. 2012. “A neo-Aristotelian Substance Ontology: neither Relational nor Constituent.” In Contemporary Aristotelian Metaphysics, edited by Tuomas Thako, 229-247. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

      Marmodoro, Anna. 2013. “Aristotle’s hylomorphism without Reconditioning.” Philosophical Inquiry 36: 5-22.

      Rea, Michael. 2011. “Hylomorphism Reconditioned.” Philosophical Perspectives 25: 341-58.

      Strawson. Peter F. 1959. Individuals. An Essay in Descriptive Metaphysics. London: Methuen.

      Wiggins, David. 1980. Sameness and Substance.

      Wiggins, David. 2001. Sameness and Substance Renewed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

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