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Jesuit Philosophy as a Way of Life: The Contributions of W. Norris Clarke and John F. Kavanaugh

Jesuit Philosophy as a Way of Life: The Contributions of W. Norris Clarke and John F. Kavanaugh

M. Ross Romero, “Jesuit Philosophy as a Way of Life: The Contributions of W. Norris Clarke and John F. Kavanaugh,” Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 76, no. 4 (2020): 1425–50,

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  • Jesuit Philosophy as a Way of Life: The Contributions of W. Norris Clarke and John F. Kavanaugh

    Type Journal Article
    Author M. Ross Romero
    Rights © 2020 Aletheia - Associação Científica e Cultural
    Volume 76
    Issue 4
    Pages 1425-1450
    Publication Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia
    ISSN 0870-5283
    Date 2020
    DOI 10.17990/RPF/2020_76_4_1425
    Language English
    Abstract John F. Kavanaugh and W. Norris Clarke, two twentieth-century Jesuits, contributed to philosophy through their development of a Thomistic and personalist view of reality emphasizing the human endowments of knowing, freely choosing, and loving. While spiritual exercises played a role in the formation of both Jesuits, the function of spiritual exercises in their own philosophy has not been explored. Recent interest in philosophy as a way of life provides a means by which this can be accomplished. In their work Michel Foucault and Pierre Hadot have shown how spiritual exercises function in the formation of the self and in the acquisition of a synoptic vision that allows contemplation of one’s participation in the whole. This paper shows that while Kavanaugh primarily uses spiritual exercises in his philosophy to accomplish a disciplinary/formational aim Clarke’s aim is dialogical/exploratory. A brief examination of the Spiritual Exercises of Ignatius of Loyola reveals how these different aims in fact complement one another.
    Date Added 1/28/2021, 10:24:09 PM
    Modified 1/28/2021, 10:45:35 PM


    • Clarke, Kavanaugh, metaphysics, personalism, phenomenology, spiritual exercises, thomism.


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